Scala structural types with generics

Scala structural types with generics

In Scala, if you want to use structural types with a generic class, you must cast the instance to the structural type and import reflective calls.

Because we have to cast the instance to another type, it is better to define the type alias in a companion object.

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import ExampleTest.CanAddElement

import scala.language.reflectiveCalls
import org.scalatest.{FlatSpec, Matchers}

object ExampleTest {
  type CanAddElement = {def add(s: Any): Boolean}
}

class ExampleTest extends FlatSpec with Matchers {
  it should "add an element to the container" in {
    def add[T](container: CanAddElement)(element: T): Unit = {
      container.add(element)
    }

    val set = new java.util.HashSet[String]()
    add(set.asInstanceOf[CanAddElement])("3")
    set.contains("3") shouldEqual true

    val list = new java.util.LinkedList[String]()
    add(list.asInstanceOf[CanAddElement])("3")
    list.contains("3") shouldEqual true
  }
}

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Bartosz Mikulski
Bartosz Mikulski * data scientist / software engineer * conference speaker * organizer of School of A.I. meetups in Poznań * co-founder of Software Craftsmanship Poznan & Poznan Scala User Group