How to run PySpark code using the Airflow SSHOperator

This article is a part of my "100 data engineering tutorials in 100 days" challenge. (35/100)

To submit a PySpark job using SSHOperator in Airflow, we need three things:

  • an existing SSH connection to the Spark cluster
  • the location of the PySpark script (for example, an S3 location if we use EMR)
  • parameters used by PySpark and the script

The usage of the operator looks like this:

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from airflow.contrib.operators.ssh_operator import SSHOperator

script = 's3://some_bucket/script.py'
spark_parameters = '--executor-memory 100G'
# here we can use Airflow template to define the parameters used in the script
parameters = '--db {{ params.database_instance }}, --output_path {{ params.output_path }}' 

submit_pyspark_job = SSHOperator(
    task_id='pyspark_submit'
    ssh_conn_id='ssh_connection',
    command='set -a; PYSPARK_PYTHON=python3; /usr/bin/spark-submit --deploy-mode cluster %s %s %s' % (spark_parameters, script, parameters),
    dag=dag
)

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Bartosz Mikulski

Bartosz Mikulski

  • Data/MLOps engineer by day
  • DevRel/copywriter by night
  • Python and data engineering trainer
  • Conference speaker
  • Contributed a chapter to the book "97 Things Every Data Engineer Should Know"
  • Twitter: @mikulskibartosz
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